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Ayyanar, Karuppasamy, Veeran are the village god of tamil nadu state South India


Muneeswaran is a Guardian Deity and worshiped as a fierce God.  Muneeswaran is seen with a large mustache, a large sickle and a scary demon by his side, is eternally watchful fighting against demons and evil spirits that are threatening the villages. Generally the Muneeswaran Temple is in the outskirt of the villages and urban places. He is also having a weapon like sward. The villages people doing the special Pooja (Padayal) to this deity.  Muneeswaran is their Family Deity (Kula Deivam) of most villages people. We see variety of Muneeswaran Temple in the road side of the entire Tamil Nadu

Lord Sanggili Karupar  
He is a kaval deity of Madurai area. He was in Madurai.  He stole from the rich people and gave to the poor people who believe him. Even though he knew about his wrong activities, he satisfy himself to help the needy people.  He is a strict man and having a discipline from his action.  He always help those who have faith and having a good character. All the people those who are befitted by him pray he is a god of their own.  

Kathavarayan is the village deity in Tamil Nadu.  In Kumbakonam, on the Bank of Arasalar, there is a Temple with Sathana Kali Amman , Sarguna Mari Amman and Kathavarayan swamy. Celebrations are being held for these Deity on Chittrai Month every year.  Kathavaran Swamy is taken round the temple and other places, which is the specialty of the Festival.  Kathavarayan was born from the rays of Lord Shiva’s third eye.  One day he was cursed by the Devi Amman by done some mistake . Because of that curse he had to take birth seven time and also punished him to die on pointed stake(Kazhumaram – A wooden Pillar with sharp at the one end like Pencil) . When he was about to die on this Kazhumaram, he got relieved from the curse. The Amman took pity on him and instructed him to sit on the entrance or outer area of the villages and bless all those who come to see her.

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Karuppasamy is a village deity and he is always found in the outer area  of the village. There are no temple like are in this place.  The karuppasamy is also in the open area.  He is black in colour with weapons like arrow, bow, swords, knives, sickle. He is having a dark moustache and having a weapon. The appearance of the God is very big with Dog, Elephant and House.  Here is also tree with Chain and Bells. The Chain is tied with Trees.  The main Karuppasamy temple is in Madurai Alagar koil. He is called Pathinettampadi Karuppu.  But there is no God in this area.  There are a doors with 18 steps. Sickle (Aruval) is the important weapons of this temple. Once in a year the village people celebrate the festival to this God. The village people believe that karuppasamy having a tremendous power and product from the bad evils.   

Madurai Veeran

Madurai Veeran is a warrior who lived in Nayaks period. His is in Madurai. His consort are Bommi and  Vellaiyammal. Veeran’s talent and intelligence is help to enter in the army as a chief. His enemies, by their cunning plot, made the king to believe that he was also the robbers and must be punished and as the order of King . ie, one  hand and one leg are removed. (as in tamil Marukal and Marukai punishment). Later the King realized that Madurai Veeran was innocent and good in character.  The actual person  of the crime will die. So, Madurai Veeran was regarded as God.  The village people now pray the God Maduri Veeran and his consort Bommi and Vellaiyammal. The village people believes Madurai Veeran, Kathavaran, Muneeswaran, Sanggali Karupan or any other warrior God (Kavel Deivenggel) who had vowed to protect their village or border.

Thandanthottam Lord Muthuvelaydaswami Unique Festival – Pari Vettai

It is located 3 miles from the Oppiliappan Temple, 14 kms away from Kumbakonam. On the Wednesday after Amavasya in Chithirai month, special festivals are performed on Sri Velayudhaswami, who is flower-decorated for 10 days. On the 9th day, the 'Parivettai' festival is celebrated happily. That day, the Swami is taken in a procession on a horse - driven carriage for an approximately 2-mile distance in the land area. This scene is worth seeing & enjoying. People of this village, without conducting this festival do not thrash heaps of straw, which are post harvest in Thai month. People are very careful in thrashing heaps of straw only after completion of the festival.  
Usually Iyanar, the village deity is graciously present at the land area of the village end. However, at Thandanthottam, Sri Ayyanar is present in the middle of the village. He is called 'Malayala Shastha'. The people of this village worship him as Sri Velayudaswami. He is the boon-giver. In Kaliyuga, he grants boons. He is the actual God, and is the deity of several families. Many families derive benefit from his compassionate eyesight, and live happily. These village residents begin any good job, only after saying 'Velayudham Velayudham', and from other villages, number of people keep coming to offer their sincere prayers. Even though the Moolavar is Sastha, people worship him as Muruga accompanied by Valli & Deivayanai. With a view to identifying the God in the manner, the residents of the village have made and kept a spear on his hand & a peacock at the base. On the same base, their 3 statues are erected. Swami's right arm is posing as Abhayastham. An elephant, and base for offering sacrifices are in front of the sacred place facing east.Outside mandap, another Iyanar is graciously present along with Purna & Pushkala in a small shape. He keeps a whip at his right arm. Idumbam and seven angels are graciously present facing the north of this temple. A horse made out of lime is also there. Similar to the Sri Natansapureeswarar Temple, sacred activities are also conducted here

Lord Bhairava or Bhairav and Kumbakonam Temples

Lord Bhairava or Bhairav is the guardian of the temple. The Vahana is the dog. Taking car of dogs is another way of showing our devotion to Bhairavar. Bhairavar Ashtami is an important day for worshipping the Lord Bhairavar. Bhairavar is in the entrance of all Shiva temple. KalaBhairavar, Pancha Bhairavar, Astha Bhairavar Temple are in the Tamil Nadu. So many Kumbakonam Temples having Bhairava as a supportive deity and celebrate the festivals. Traditional Bhairava Temple is in Thiruvisalur and Ammachatiram near Kumbakonam Pancha Bhairava Temple is in Avoor near Kumbakonam and in the Sattanathar Temple Sirkazhi. Kala Bhairava Temple is in Shethirabalapuram / Sethirabalapuram in between Mailaduthurai - Kumbakonam Bus route. Bhairava is often in villages as a Grama deivam or village guardian who safeguards the devotee and in all siva temples bhairava is in the outer circuit of the temple. In Thanjavur Big temple and Gangaikondacholapuram , the Kalabhairava is in the outer praharam. So, from the Chola kingdoms, the Bhairava deity is in the temples.

Mariamman Temple

Mariamman is an ancient goddess, whose worship probably originated in the tribal religion of Dravidian India before the arrival of the Aryans and the brahman religion. Local goddesses such as Mariamman who protect villages and their lands and represent the different castes of their worshippers have always been an important part of the religious landscape of South India. However, we can note periods of special significance. The eclecticism of the Vijayanagar period (1336-1565) encouraged folk religion, which became more important and influenced the more literate forms of religion. In the last century and a half there has been a rebirth of Tamil self-consciousness' In the middle of the present century deities such as Mariamman have become linked to the "great tradition" which worship the goddess has become integrated into the larger social order. There is no image and the goddess is represented by a brass pot of water decorated with neem leaves. The neem tree is sacred to Mariamman. In poor villages an earthenware pot is used. During the ceremonies of the goddess there is a symbolic marriage. Although the goddess is sometimes said to have a consort, she is really married to the village, so the goddess and village can nourish each other. The village belongs to the goddess and she is represented only by a head on the soil, indicating her body is the village and she is rooted in the soil of the village. The villagers live inside or upon the body of the goddess. The goddess protects the village and is the guardian of the village boundaries.  Mari can mean sakti, and is the mother-power of the village

The Paadai Kavadi Festival – Valangaiman Mariamman Temple
The 'Paadai Kavadi' festival of Maha Mariamman Temple in Valangaiman near Kumbakonam , Thanjavur District famous in the village Festival.  Paadai Kaavadi festival is celebrated in the Tamil month of Panguni through out the Month on all Sundays with special festival at Maha Mariamman Temple in Valangaiman. People with incurable health or  suffering from serious deceases pray to Goddess Mahamariamman for relief. Those who seek to get cured are carried to a temple in a 'Paadai' (a simple stretcher made of bamboo sticks and cocunt leafs), in a manner that looks similar to a funeral procession with the cured people's relatives following it.  The other peoples take a kavadi  to contribute our bakthi to the mariamman.  The  Pushpa Pallakku and Seadil is also famous among the Sunday festivals.

The Main daity is Mariamman. The people those who are having faith , taking a Cavadi ( This is the speacil design with sharp needle and other colorful flowers with Neem leaves). The speciality of the festival is "Seadil". This is the festvial which having the tall wooden pillar with another wooden part put into the top of the pillar horizondaly.. In the sunday evening after completing the Oorvalam (go around all the streets of the village) of the Mariamman, this function is performed. At that time the devotees rotate the top section of the pillar with bakthi. visit and enjoy the video.

Nachiyarkoil Akasa Mariamman Unique Festival

Nachiyarkoil is located at a distance of around  10 km from Kumbakonam. It belongs to Kumbakonam Taluk and comes under Tanjavur District.  Here Akasa Mariamman Temple is located near Bus stop.  In this temple every year in the month of Vaikasi , 13 days grand festival is celebrate d as a grand festival.   The Samayapura Mari Amman comes here every here by the way of sky and give the blessing to everybody. So, on those days so many devotees are come to this place and pray the God Mariamman and take Palgudam, Kavadi and so on.  The Pallakku Festival is very famous in this temple.

Thanjavur Punnainallur MariAmman

This is the oldest Maiamman Temple in Thanjavur. It was contrcuted by Chola King and developed by Maratha rulers and it it 5 Km from the Old BusStand. The is the Suyambu Amman.  "Enthra Prithshtai" was done by the saint Sathasiva Brahmendral.  Padagacherry Swamigal is in the Praharam. The Pushpa Pallakku festival is in Tamil Month Adi and the Car Festival is in Avani Last Sunday.  The Devotees are come to this temple in all Sunday. This temple is in Pattukkottai Thajavur Bus route. 

Bus are play from Thanjavur Bus Stand

Samayapuram Mariamman Temple

Samayapuram Mariamman Temple in Samayapuram near Trichy. Persons affected by Chickenpox and Smallpox come to this place, stay here and pray the Goddess.   Devotees also offer mavilakku.  The Car festival and Flat Festival is celebrate in a grand manner.  Tamil Adi month Festival is also important in this temple. The Goddess have the powerful deity over curing the diseases.   Persons affected by Chickenpox and Smallpox come to this place and  stay here and contribute the body parts made up of silvers to this temple.    This temple was built by the Vijayanagar kings.

Bus are play from Trichy Chatiram Bus Stand.

Nagapattinam Nellukadai Mariamman

Nagapattinam Nellukadai Mariamman is a famous mariamman Temple. As a story, this Mariamman appeared in the dream of the rice merchant and asked to build a temple. So, he constructed a beautiful temple. So, it is called Nellukadai Mariamman. Nellu means paddy and kadai means shop. Each and every year, the “sedil” festival is the part of the 10 days chithirai festival of this temple. The “sedil” is a long wooden pole with tall pedestals.  Devotees take a vow before Goddess Nellukadai Mariamman to put their children in the `Sedil' as a fulfilment of prayers for ensuring good health to their wards. The priest in the `Sedil' will take a round  the child from the top of the Pole. This is the special festival of the temple. More number of people participated in this particular festival.

Kaliamman Festival in Villages and Urban Areas

The Petti Kaliamman Temple Kumbakonam

This temple is in K.Karuppur 3 kms from Kumbakonam on the Chennai Highway.  Once up on a time this Kaliamman wooden statue was floating on the river Cauvery.  This statue was taken out from this river flow and kept in the temple within the wooden box. So, it is called Petti Kali Amman.  Once in three years the pallakku festival is perform here as a grand festival. On that time the kaliamman go around the villages and gives the blessing to the village  people.


Vekkaliamman Temple Woraiyur (One of the Ashta Kali Amman)

Sri Vekkaliamman Temple is in Woraiyur near Tiruchy. The King Chola Dynasty built the temple and pray this God before going to the Battle.  So, Vekkaliamman is the protecting deity .  This temple does not have a roof. The Amman Sannathi is open to the sky all the time .  All the devotees are come here to pray  and got the relief from their worries.  The Amman is facing north.

Nallur Kaliamman  Temple Kumbakonam (One of the Ashta Kali Amman)

Nallur is a village near Kumbakonam. The kaliamman is very powerful god.  In this Temple every year in the Tamil Month Pangudi, the Pal Kudam Festival is performed.  Usually the deviates contribute the New saris  to this God Kaliamman.  The Santhana Kappu is also made to this Kaliamman.  

Siruvachur Mathurakaliamman Temple (One of the Ashta Kali Amman)

Siruvachur Mathura Kaliaman temple is at Siruvachur in Perambalur District. It is 8 Kms from Perambalur and 48 Kms from Trichy.   Dharshan timing : From 8.00 a.m. till 8.00 p.m. without break on Mondays and Fridays only. The car festival and the annual Panguni festivals are important festivals  Devotees offer the “Maavilakku” at the premises of the temple. The Car festival and Poo chorithal festival are famous festival  of this temple.   A large number of devotees pulled the temple car at Sri Mathura kaliamman at Siruvachur on the occasion of the Car Festival.

Chidambaram Thillai Kali Amman Temple (One of the Ashta Kali Amman)

Chidambaram Thillai Kali Amman Temple is situated in the North side of the Nataraja Temple in Chidambaram.  The another name of the town Chidambaram is Thillai. The Presiding deity of this temple is Thillai Kali Amman. In this temple Thillai Kali is with four faces. Her anger was pacified by Brahma in this place. The navarathiri Festival is a important festival and Vaihasi festival is  celebrate every year in this temple.  Abisheham and special poojas are formed here every day.

Thiruvalangadu Kali Temple (One of the Ashta Kali Amman)

In this temple the main deity is Shri Bhadrakali amman. This is near the Thiruvalangadu Siva temple. The Kali amman facig south. This temple is one of the Ashta Kali Kshetras in chola Kingdoms.  This is the Ashta puja Kaliamman. The village festivals are performed here.  People come from nearby villages, townsand even from for off places on important days.

Udayalur Selva Maha Kaliamman (One of the Ashta Kali Amman)

Sri Selva Maha Kali Amman, also called Thillai Kali is one of the Ashta Kalis of CHola Kingdom, SHE is the Kavl Deivam of Udayalur. Even though Sri Paikuatthi Amman and Ayyanar are worshipped, the village people worship Thilali Kali as main deity during the annual Thirunal celebrated in Panguni( March - April).

In Udayalur Kali amman temple, “Munnottam-Pinnottam”, which literally means, running forward and backward takes place, to the thirill of everyone present there.  50to 60 people carry each deity. Madurai veeran who is a great dovtee of Sri Ambal also participates. During this time a traditional music instrument “parais” are played. One has to be physically present to actually experience the inexplicable joy produced by the resonance and rhythmic sound of these traditional instrument.

Thiruvakkarai Vakrakaliamman Temple (One of the Ashta Kali Amman)

Thiruvakkarai Vakra Kali Amman Temple is one of the Ashta Kali Temple. Thiruvakkarai is near Perumbakkam or Thirukanur village.  It is on the bus route of Villupuram Pondicherry  Vakrakali stands in gigantic magnificence after killing the demon.  Deomon Vakrasra and his sister Dhunmukhi was killed by  Vishnu  and Parvathi devi. So, here She is called Vakra kali amman. on every full moon and new moon day this Kali amman and the Varadharaja Perumal is decorated with sandal wood paste.

Ambagarathur Shri Asta Puja Bathra Kali Amman Temple (One of the Ashta Kali Amman)

Sri Ambagarathur Patrakaliamman Temple is near Karaikkal. This is very famous Kali amman temple.  It is situated 15 Kms from Karikkal - 25 Kms from Mailaduthurai - Thiruvarur - 45 Kms from Kumbakonam.  The Sakthi took a avathar as Kali and destroy the Asuran (demon) named as Ambaran in this  place . Hence The name of the Village Ambagarathur.  The  Mahisha Samhara Festival is famous in this temple.   More number of devotees participate in this festival from various part of the district. In the last day of this festival the temple car procession is also performed.

Car Pulling :

CAR PULLING: Few devotees pull a car tethered to hooks which have been pierced into their backs, but genrally their faces are devoid of any expression of pain during the pulling.

Body Pierching :

Impassioned devotees with knifes, tridents and rods pierced through their cheeks for granting their wishes. Not a single drop of blood emerges from the wounds caused by the tridents, rods and hooks.


Mavilakku ( lamp made of rice flour ) is placed on a banana leave. Many women who put this lamp on their bodies ( mostly in the stomach region ) can be watched. This ritual is executed to attain cure of an illness by the help of the Goddess. It is carried out in front of the sanctum sanctorum ( garbha griham, tamil version of the word garbha griha ) of the particular temple.

Ponkal-cooking (Ponkal Padayal)

Ponkal-cooking ( rice meal ) takes place in front of the temple. After the fire is lighted, women place a pot on a hand-made “stone-stove” (sometimes ready-made terracotta-stoves) and start to cook their Ponkal. When it is ready, it is offered to the Goddess and afterwards like Mavilakku distributed to other devotees (Ponkal pataiyal –Ponkal distribution, the Ponkal is mostly sweet Ponkal).

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