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Saraswathi Mahal Library @ Thajavur Oldest Library

The Thanjavur Maharaja Sarfoji's Saraswathi Mahal Library is one of the most famous Manuscript Libraries that exists in the world. It is the intellectual centre for research scholars coming not only from India but also from abroad. There are many rare and unique manuscripts in the Library and so many scholars from many parts of India and abroad are visiting to gather valueble information about various branches of language and literature

This has become more a research Library than a mere reading centre.Saraswathi Mahal Library, a standing monument, a unique treasure house, a world intellectual centre was formed as a Palace Library during the Nayak rule of Thanjavur. Successive Maratha Kings looked after and enriched the Library. Serfoji Maharaja II (1798 to 1832 AD) was chiefly responsible for shaping the library to the present nature and made it his life work to preserve develop and to hand it down to prosterity, the heritage.




Tharangambadi (formerly Tranquebar) is in Nagapattinam district of Tamil Nadu. In 1620, a Danish fleet landed at this spot on the Coromandel Coast and the location made for an ideal trading post. An admiral in the Danish Navy, then negotiated a treaty on behalf of the Danish king with the Thanjavur king, Vijaya Raghunatha Nayak. He acquired a 10-mile by three-mile-strip of the fishing village renamed it Tranquebar, and in 1622, built the Dansborg Fort. Fort Construction of Fort Dansborg started in 1620. Most parts of the fort have been reconstructed several times. The rampart wall is a fairly large four sided structure Tharangambadi is a coastal town. It was from where the Danish East India Company traded in spices, silks and other textiles until 1845. The museum contains porcelain ware, Danish manuscripts, glass objects, Chinese tea jars, steatitle lamps, decorated terracotta objects, figurines, lamps, stones, sculptures, swords, daggers, spears, sudai (stucco) figurines and wooden objects. There is also part of a whale skeleton.




Thirumalai Nayakkar Mahal

This Palace was built in 1636 by King Thirumalai NayakHe conducted daily dance and music performances in the palace. The thousand pillar mandapam is supposed to have been built by Arya Natha Mudaliyar, the Prime Minister of the first Nayaka of Madurai around 1600 A.D.Among other striking features of the palace are the massive white pillars and Connected by high decorated arches Thirumalai Nayak intended the palace to be one of the grandest in South India. The design and architecture is a blend of Dravidian and Islamic styles. The Interior of the palace surpasses many of its Indian contemporaries in scale. The interior is richly decorated whilst the exterior is treated in a more austere style. After independence, the Thirumalai Palace was declared as a national monument During the 18th century many structures that were part of this palace were pulled down. What remains is the enclosed court known as the Svarga Vilasam and a few adjoining buildings


Mahakavi Bharathi Memorial Library

Apart from collection of books and several volumes of articles being placed in the library, it houses a minor historical museum on Mahakavi Subramanya Bharathi's life Mahakavi Bharathi Memorial Library is a Public Library located in Karungalpalayam, Erode, in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. In the year of 1921 July 31, Mahakavi Bharathi came to the Karungalpalayam Reading Room, to deliver a speech for the public on the topic Man is Immortal. A few weeks later he felt ill and died. The speech he gave in Karungalpalayam was his last public speech


Chithannavasal Cave Paintings

The famous historical Fresco Paintings (similar to the Ajanta paintings) by the Jain saints are found inside the caves situated here. The ceiling of the ardhamandapam contains fresco paintings of the 9th Centure A.D. Fresco painting, method of painting water-based pigments on freshly applied plaster, usually on wall surfaces. Fresco painting is ideal for making murals because it lends itself to a monumental style, is durable, and has a matte surface. Sittannavasal is one the oldest habitation of man in the district and is rich in megalithic sites The Rock–cut cave temple here has beautiful fresco Paintings in natural colours as in Ajanta Ancient abode of Jains. One states that this is a distorted version of "chir-ran-nal-vaa-yil" meaning in Tamil "the abode of great saints".  The Natural cavern with stone beds in which the Jain monks were said to have sought refuge for meditation called Samana Padukkai.   Admission by tickets, open all days. Frequent bus service is available from Pudukkottai


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